AskDefine | Define rupture

Dictionary Definition



1 state of being torn or burst open
2 a personal or social separation (as between opposing factions); "they hoped to avoid a break in relations" [syn: breach, break, severance, rift, falling out]
3 the act of making a sudden noisy break v : separate or cause to separate abruptly; "The rope snapped"; "tear the paper" [syn: tear, snap, bust]

User Contributed Dictionary



  1. A burst, split, or break.
  2. A social breach or break, between individuals or groups.
  3. A break or tear in soft tissue, such as a muscle.
  4. A failure mode in which a tough ductile material pulls apart rather than cracking.


burst or split
social break
failure mode


  1. transitive intransitive To burst, break through, or split, as under pressure.


to burst, break through, or split, as under pressure

See also

Extensive Definition

The term rupture describes various sorts of breaking in a number of fields.
  • Rupture (engineering), a failure mode
  • Steam rupture, a rupture in a nuclear power plant (such as pressurized water reactors and boiling water reactors) when the temperature of the nuclear reactor reaches a certain level too quickly
  • Rupture of membranes, a term used during pregnancy of the reproductive female to describe a rupture of membranes
  • A premature rupture of membranes (PROM), a rupture that occurs prior to labour in childbirth
rupture in French: Rupture

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abrade, abrasion, abysm, abyss, alienation, arroyo, bark, blemish, bloody, box canyon, breach, breach of friendship, break, break in, break into, break open, break through, break up, breakage, breaking, breaking up, burn, burst, burst in, bursting, bust, bust in, canyon, cave in, cavity, chafe, chap, chasm, check, chimney, chink, chip, claw, cleavage, cleave, cleft, cleuch, clough, col, come apart, come unstuck, concussion, coulee, couloir, crack, crackle, cranny, craze, crevasse, crevice, cut, cut apart, cwm, defile, dell, detachment, dike, disaffection, disfavor, disintegrate, disjoin, disrupt, disruption, dissect, dissolution, disunion, disunite, disunity, ditch, divergence, divide, dividedness, division, divorce, divorcement, donga, draw, estrangement, excavation, exfoliate, fall to pieces, falling-out, fault, fissure, flash burn, flaw, flume, force open, fracture, fray, frazzle, fret, furrow, gall, gap, gape, gash, give away, give way, gorge, groove, gulch, gulf, gully, hole, hurt, incise, incision, injure, injury, joint, kloof, lacerate, laceration, leak, lesion, maim, make mincemeat of, maul, moat, mortal wound, mutilate, mutilation, notch, nullah, open, open rupture, opening, part, parting, partition, pass, passage, pierce, prize open, puncture, ravine, recall of ambassadors, rend, rent, rift, rime, rip, rive, run, savage, scald, scale, schism, scissure, scorch, scotch, scrape, scratch, scuff, seam, second-degree burn, separate, separation, sever, severance, skin, slash, slice, slit, slot, snap, sore, splinter, split, split open, split up, split-up, splitting, sprain, spring a leak, stab, stab wound, start, stick, stove in, strain, sunder, tear, tear open, third-degree burn, trauma, traumatize, trench, valley, void, wadi, wound, wounds immedicable, wrench
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